In 1936 the US government started issuing Social Security cards based on the Social Security Act enacted in 1935 by Franklin Roosevelt. However, Roosevelt, often accused of being a Socialist, was not the first to conceive of this system. This Act was based on a German system put into place way back in 1889. The German system provided contributory retirement benefits and disability benefits as well. Participation was mandatory and contributions were taken from the employee and the employer. This system also established a mandatory numbering and tracking system which would later be used by the Nazi’s in WWII.